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Lesson Plan: Color By Numbers

Teacher: Mr. Essex Garner, Saint Joseph Catholic School, Jefferson City, Missouri
Cooperating Teacher: Mrs. Suzy Weber
Unit: Making Art Use of Color and Blending Techniques - math integration.
Grade Level: Elementary and Middle School (K through 4th Grades) - Adaptable to higher grades.

Missouri Standards for Teacher Education Programs (MoSTEP) Strengthens prior knowledge with new ideas. Engages students in the methods of inquiry used in the subject(s). Encourages student responsibility. Engages students in active learning that promotes the development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance capabilities.




Performance Indicators: Manages time, space, transitions, and activities effectively. Uses resources available for professional development.

Strand: (Know about Art), (Making Art) and Elements of Art

Color By Numbers:
Essex Garner

Objective Students will be working on three goals: 1) Using only primary colors to make secondary colors from basic color theory, 2) Use blending and mixing techniques to create new colors; they can only bring three colors to class (Red, Yellow and Blue) and create with their own hands new colors and enjoy working on the crayon basketball players. 3) Use of lines and shapes.

Supplies Needed Only the three basic primary crayons (Red, Yellow and Blue). Note: Do not use colors like indigo blue, or different shades of yellow or red. This project works much better if you only use the true base primary colors

Introduction: Begin talking to the students about their prior knowledge of colors and associate those colors with different things in the every day life. Explain how color effects moods, and how they see these colors everyday, and everywhere. Also associate this technique with beginning painting.

Attached to this lesson plan is a scan of three versions of this particular game. 8 x 14 paper. You can make this on the copy machine. The math problems associated with this project can be adapted per grade level. Yellow = 1, Red = 2, Orange = 3, Blue = 4, Green = 5, Blue = White have a value of = 0.  

Using this math formula all Primary and Secondary Colors can be covered by the student. Especially the lower grades, this will enhance their ability to understand color blending and will inevitably help them in mixing colors when they start painting.

   1 + 0 = 1 Yellow
   0 + 1 = 1 Yellow
   2 + 0 = 2 Red
   0 + 2 = 2 Red
   1 + 2 = 3 Orange
2 + 1 = 3 Orange
4 + 0 = 4 Blue
0 + 4 = 4 Blue
1 + 4 = 5 Green
   4 + 1 = 5 Green
   2 + 4 = 6 Purple
   4 + 2 = 6 Purple
   0 + 0 = 0 White

Vocabulary:    Primary and Secondary colors. Mixing, Blending, Warm Colors (Sun, heat, noon day sky, hot, etc). Cool Colors (Evening Sky, clouds, water, etc). Horizon, Sun Rays, Rain Bows. Adding, math and the fact that zero have no value like the color white. Neutral Colors (White especially). Sky and the ground in relationship to warmth and coldness. Light verses dark. Horizon line and complete the drawing.


This scene can be altered in many ways; just use your imagination.

The right side of this sheet has the math tables. You can advance the math problems into intermediate colors as well. The higher the math, the more advance the grade levels.


Kindergartens have a much simpler diagram and colors or just identified with one number 1-6


Second version of the basketball game.



 The Art of Essex Home

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Unfinished Business

Dreams Not Deferred

In My Father's House Water Color Gallery

Water Color Gallery One

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Chalk Art 2008 Memorial Park

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